Document Type : Original Article
Assistant Prof., Faculty of Law, Tarbiat Modares University
The valuation of women's unpaid care and domestic work is one of the topics in the recent practice of international institutions. This issue is closely related to gender equality and the enjoyment of human rights by women and girls, and the fight against poverty and inequality. The solution offered by the international institutions in this regard, ensures the reduction and eventual elimination of the role of motherhood and counteracting the employment of women in domestic work and replacing them by transferring women to the public sector and providing paid and full-time employment for women. While in the desired model in the Islamic system, woman as the main axis and pillar of the family, has two important duties of motherhood and as a wife that its optimal performance is crystallized in the role of housewife and its full realization depends on the provision of specific requirements and conditions, including in the financial field, which is the responsibility of the spouse and the government. In this article, the evaluation of women's domestic work in the practice of international institutions and Islamic teachings will be comparatively examined, as a result of which, the distinction and conflict of executive and operational strategies in the two systems is evident. It is very important to pay attention to this important issue in the domestic legal system from the perspective of Islamic teachings and the need to fill the legal gaps in order to realize the rights of housewives and respect the role of motherhood.